What is infertility?

It is the inability to conceive after at least one year of trying. This condition also happens when a woman is able to conceive but experience multiple miscarriages. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, about more than 7 million of women in the United States between the age of 15 and 44 have difficulty conceiving.

Is it just a woman’s condition?

No. Infertility is caused not only by female factors. Thirty percent or three out of every 10 cases of infertility is caused by a male factor.

What increases infertility risk?

  • Age
  • Weight
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Smoking
  • Chemotherapy and other radioactive treatments
  • Endometriosis
  • Sexually transmitted diseases

What are the symptoms?

In most cases, no signs are associated with the inability to bear a child. To detect it early, regular checkups with a medical specialist is needed.

What are the treatments available to couples who want to conceive?

  • Medications
  • Hormonal treatments
  • Intrauterine insemination
  • Ovulation induction
  • Sperm/egg donation
  • outside In vitro fertilization
  • Surrogacy
  • Embryo donation

What medicines are taken for infertility treatment?

These medicines are often used to address ovulation problems:

  • Follicle-stimulating hormone
  • Human menopausal gonadotropin
  • Metformin
  • Clomiphene citrate
  • Bromocriptene

What is IVF?

In vitro fertilization or IVF is the method of fertilizing an egg cell outside of a woman’s body. It is done in a lab dish rather than the fallopian tubes. Eggs are removed through surgery from a woman’s body and then fertilized with sperm. Once the fertilization happens, the embryo is moved to the woman’s uterus.